Countries that signed up for the failed trade pact known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will meet in Chile next week, seeking a way forward on a possible future regional deal, Chile’s head of international trade told Reuters.
Representatives from the 12 countries that formed the TPP, plus China and South Korea, will meet for the first time since President Donald Trump pulled the United States out the TPP in January, effectively killing the accord in its current form.
The Chile meeting is a sign that efforts to find an alternative Asia-Pacific trade pact are moving ahead, with China now likely leading the talks after the United States dropped out.
Chile has accomplished its first goal of getting everyone together and will now seek commitments for further meetings to evaluate alternatives, Paulina Nazal told Reuters in an interview in Santiago on Wednesday evening.
“The objective is to confirm if the strategy of growth and openness of recent years is what we believe to be correct,” she said. “Do we need to include other issues? Do we need to implement policies that complement the opening of trade or not?”
It was still premature to say what the future roadmap would look like, she added.
“What we have seen from the various delegations is that it’s too open still,” said Nazal. “This is going to be the first meeting on how we go forward.”
Likely options, according to Nazal, could be to build on the base of pre-existing agreements — such as Latin America’s four-country Pacific Alliance, or the proposed Southeast Asian-backed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
Countries including Australia, New Zealand and Canada had a “similar commercial approach” to the Pacific Alliance and had signaled an interest in joining or negotiating as a bloc, said Nazal.
“Others evidently feel more comfortable with the RCEP model and they could open a door to let others in.”
China, which is part of RCEP talks, has argued the TPP was too complex and political rather than purely trade-based.
Critics of the RCEP — including the former Obama administration — warned it would not include strong protections for workers, the environment or intellectual property.
With the election of Trump and the demise of the TPP, eyes have been on Beijing to take the lead on future trade talks.
“The Chinese want to be the leaders, the benchmark,” said Nazal. “That was not like that before.”